COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INDIGENOUS CHICKENS IN SOUTH EAST AND NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA: BODY WEIGHT AND LINEAR BODY MEASUREMENTS

Authors

  • Ukwu, H. O. Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, College of Animal Science, University of Agriculture Makurdi, P.M.B. 2373 Makurdi, Benue State, 234 Nigeria.
  • Tarhemba, F. Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture Yandev, P.M.B. 181 Gboko, Benue State, Nigeria.
  • Nosike, R. J. Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.

Abstract

This study was designed to undertake a comparative evaluation of Nigerian local chickens in Imo state (South east) and Benue state (North central) of Nigeria with particular reference to their body weight and linear body measurements. Two hundred and twenty-four (224) mature indigenous chickens from Imo state (Southeast) and Benue state (North central) of Nigeria were used for this study. The local chickens were kept by rural farmers on free range, and geographical cluster sampling was used for data collection. Sampling was done in early morning hours before the local chickens were released by their keepers. Data were collected on body weight and linear body measurements (body girth, wing length, thigh length, toe length and shank length). Data were subjected to statistical analysis using t-test, and correlation procedure of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. The results of this study suggest that body weight of local chicken cocks from South east and North central were significantly (P<0.05) heavier than their female counterparts. Local chickens in North central Nigeria, irrespective of sex, were significantly (P<0.05) better than local chickens in South eastern Nigeria in terms of body weight, shank length, wing length and toe length. However, body girth of local chickens in Southeast and North central Nigeria were not significantly different (P>0.05). Therefore, indigenous chickens in North central Nigeria were heavier than indigenous chickens in South eastern Nigeria. Nigerian indigenous chickens in Southeast and North central Nigeria need to be further studied comparatively under intensive system.

Published

2017-06-30