TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH (IAR) DEVELOPED VARIETY OF COWPEA (SAMPEA 11) PRODUCTION IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors

  • Yusuf, O.
  • Nwachukwu, W.

Keywords:

Technical Efficiency, Institute for Agricultural Research, SAMPEA-11, Production, Niger State.

Abstract

This study was conducted in Niger State, Nigeria. SAMPEA 11 was studied because it is a
variety developed by IAR which has dual purpose function of producing high-quality grains
that are used by farmers for food and used as fodder for livestock. The study estimated the
technical efficiency of SAMPEA-11 variety of cowpea production in Niger State, Nigeria.
Specifically, the study described the socio-economic characteristics of SAMPEA 11
producers in the study area, determined the technical efficiency of SAMPEA 11 production
and estimated the determinants of technical efficiency of SAMPEA 11 production in the area.
Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to sample 152 SAMPEA-11 farmers from
which socio-economic characteristics and input-output data were collected based on 2014
cropping season.Descriptive statistics andstochastic frontier production model were
employed in the analysis of the data.The result of the descriptive analysis revealed that 88%
of the respondents were literate with mean age of 39 years. The mean household sizes, years
of farming experience and years in cooperative society of the respondents was 10 people,
11.7 years and 6 years respectively. Results of the technical efficiencyrevealed that three
variables, namely; seed, herbicide and insecticide were the significant inputs in of SAMPEA11 production. The mean technical efficiency indices of the respondents ranged was 76%
indicating that farmers were operating below the efficiency frontier.It was also revealed that
the socio-economic variables; age and farming experience were significant determinants of
technical efficiency at 10% and 1% level of probability respectively.It was therefore
recommended that farmers should be encouraged to form viable cooperative associations and
pull their resources together in the purchase of some significant inputs like seeds, herbicides
and insecticides for better efficiency in production. Also, the respondents were not fully
efficient in their resource allocation and therefore, there should be organization of training
and workshops by federal, state and local government agencies in collaboration with
extension departments of the Agricultural Development Projects of various states on best
management practices to improve efficiency in production of SAMPEA 11.

Published

2015-11-30