YOUTH IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: KEY TO THE ACTUALIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION AGENDA (ATA) - A REVIEW

Authors

  • Anosike,
  • Rekwot, G.Z.
  • Ereke, S.O

Keywords:

Youth, Livestock production, Agricultural Transformation Agenda.

Abstract

This study reviews the involvement of the youth in livestock production as being crucial to
the actualization of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA).This paper looked at the
socio-economic role of livestock to include; provides source of essential food product- meat,
milk, egg and other diary product, increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), create
employment, provide income, generate draught power and organic manure for arable
farming, and also serves as an index of social prestige. The paper reviewed the rate of youth
involvement in livestock production as being too poor as reported by Umeh and Odom
(2011),Arowolo et al. (2013), Aphunu and Atoma (2010), Gwary et al. (2008), Onuekwusi
and Ottah (2006), Madukwe (2000), and Onuekwusi (2005). They also identified constraints
to youth involvement in livestock production to include: lack of incentive form the
government, insufficient land, lack of infrastructure in the rural areas, inadequate training and
extension services, non-recognition of youth as partners in rural development by power
brokers, government policy, long gestation period as compared to crop production which has
short gestation period, lack of interest, labour intensive and stress. It finally agrees with some
key factors which if considered will bring about the actualization of the Agricultural
Transformation Agenda (ATA) through the involvement of the youth in livestock production,
they include; youths’ sufficient access to knowledge, information, and Education, youth’s
access to land, youth adequate access to financial service, youth access to markets, and youth
involvement in policy dialogue. As reported by (FAO, 2014). Addressing these factors will
prove vital to increasing youth’s involvement in the agricultural sector, most especially in the
area of livestock production and ultimately addressing the vastly untapped potential of this sizeable and growing demographic group. 

Published

2015-11-30