BIOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Moringa oleifera LEAVES AT THREE STAGES OF MATURITY

Authors

  • G. O. I. Odafe-Shalome Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria
  • B. J. Oyegun Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria

Abstract

Moringa oleifera leaves at three stages of growths – 2, 4 and 6 years, were analyzed for their Saponin, Tannin, Alkaloid and Oxalate contents. The results saponins average contents were 3.217± 0.035, 3.605± 0.035 and 2.907± 0.035 (g/100gdm) at 2, 4 and 6 years respectively. Tannins levels were 1.583 ± 0.010, 1.373± 0.010 and 2.133±0.010 (g/100gdm) at 2, 4, and 6 years, respectively. Alkaloid content averaged, 0.807± 0.010, 1.420± 0.010 and 1.603± 0.010g/100gdm at 2, 4 and 6 years respectively; and the oxalates content were 3.283± 0.030,  3.567± 0.030 and 4.502 ± 0.030mg’100gdm at 2,4 and 6 years respectively. The concentrations of oxalate and alkaloid increased as the age of the plant increased. Saponin concentrations increased from 2 to 4years and reduced at 6 years while tannin concentrations reduced from 2 to 4 years and then increased at 6 years. 

Published

2020-06-30