PERFORMANCE OF SHEEP AND GOATS AT HOUSEHOLD LEVEL: A CASE STUDY OF GOMBE METROPOLIS

Authors

  • Raymond, J. B. Department of Animal Science, Federal University P. M. B. 1005, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria
  • Adgbola, T. A. Department of Animal Production, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University P. M. B. 0248, Bauchi State, Nigeria
  • Achi, N. P. Dairy Research Programme, National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria, Nigeria
  • Girgiri, A. Y. Department of Animal Science, Federal University P. M. B. 1005, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria
  • Sudik, S. D. Department of Animal Science, Federal University P. M. B. 1005, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Sheep and goats, Household level.

Abstract

Sheep and goats are small ruminants that provide animal protein in the form of meat, milk and
other products such as hides and skins as raw materials for agro-allied industries. A survey on
factors affecting small ruminants’ production in Gombe metropolis was carried out. Fifty
households that owned sheep and goats were interviewed with 20 keeping sheep only, 20
keeping goats only and 10 keeping both. Two (2) young animals from each herd/flock were
weighed monthly for 9 months, making a total of 100 animal in all. Data collected were analyzed
using simple descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and analysis of variance. The
results showed that 32 percent of farmers were between 20-30 years of age range. The majority
of the farmers (64%) were Muslims and 74% were males. The family sizes of 6-10 were the
majority (52%). Other ethnic groups apart from Hausa/Fulani own 72% of the animals. Majority
of the farmers (88%) were married. Thirty-two (32) percent of the farmers were civil servants.
Most of the farmers (44%) had from 1-5 years of experience. About 48% of the farmers owned
1-5 animals per household. Analysis of variance showed highly significant (P<0.000) difference
in litter of goats (1.90) and sheep (1.24). The percentage population growth rate showed sheep
alone (5.40), goats alone (13.97), sheep with goats (24.53) and goats with sheep (34.94). It was
concluded that, socio-economic characteristics such as occupation, herd litter size and ownership
affected the herd size in the study area. There is need for small ruminants to be given more
attention because of their contribution of high quality protein for increasing human population.

Published

2020-06-30