EFFECTIVENESS OF MODIFIED PIN-IN-FIBERGLASS CAST IN THE MANAGEMENT OF TRANSVERSE MID-SHAFT TIBIA FRACTURE IN NIGERIAN INDIGENOUS BITCHES RADIOLOGICALLY

Authors

  • Esievo, E. M. Department of Veterinary Surgery, Federal University of Agriculture, Zuru, Kebbi, Nigeria
  • Esievo, L. O. Department of Veterinary Theriogenology, Federal University of Agriculture, Zuru, Kebbi, Nigeria
  • Bada, A. A. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Keywords:

Mid-shaft transverse tibia fracture, Pin-in-fibreglass cast, Bitches, Radiography.

Abstract

This study investigated the effectiveness of pin-in fiberglass cast in the management of transverse mid-shaft tibia fractures in bitches using radiograph. Three (3), 7-month-old apparently healthy female indigenous bitches of varied weights (8-10 kg) were acquired from Samaru, Zaria for this study. They were housed in the dog kennels of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, fed with homemade and restaurant meals (Rice, pap, fish and bones) twice daily and water was provided ad libitum. The bitches were acclimatized for 3 weeks prior to the commencement of the study.  The bitches were sedated using atropine sulphate (0.02 mg/kg) and Xylazine (2 mg/kg) administered intravenously and intramuscularly respectively. Anesthesia was induced using 2% Lidocaine hydrochloride (7.5 mg/kg) into the epidural space. Transverse mid-shaft tibia fractures in the bitches were manually created and reduced using Pin-in-fibreglass casting and monitored radiographically for eight weeks post –operative. Early ambulation was achieved within a period of 24 hours post-surgery. Maximum callus formation was achieved in the 7th week post-surgery and complete facture healing was attained at week 8 post-surgery. Modified Pin-In-fibreglass cast offered an excellent functional and cosmetic appearance. It was concluded that excellent reduction of transverse mid-shaft tibia fracture in bitches could be achieved using pin-in-fibreglass cast.

Published

2021-12-30