PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD PROFILE OF RED SOKOTO BUCKS FED DIFFERENT REPLACEMENT LEVELS OF MAIZE OFFAL WITH SUN DRIED MANGO (Mangifera indica) FRUIT WASTE MEALS

Authors

  • Ibrahim, T. A Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Turang, S. Department of Animal Science, ABU Zaria, Nigeria
  • Jamilu, M. Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Abdu, S. B. Department of Animal Science, ABU Zaria, Nigeria
  • Hassan, M. R. Department of Animal Science, ABU Zaria, Nigeria
  • Musa, A. Department of Animal Science, ABU Zaria, Nigeria
  • Alhabib, I. K. College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Mando Road, Kaduna, Nigeria

Keywords:

Blood profile, Digestibility, Feed intake, Mango fruits, Red Sokoto bucks

Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of dietary replacement levels of maize offal with sun dried mango fruit waste meal (SMFWM) on performance and blood profile of Red Sokoto bucks. Four growing Red Sokoto bucks with average body weight of 11kg, aged between 8-10 months were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments with each animal serving as replicate in a 4x4 Latin Square Design with 0, 10, 20 and 30% replacement levels of SMFWM for maize offal. The parameter measured included feed intake, weight gain, nutrient digestibility, haematology and serum biochemical indices. Weight gain (0.75kg/head) and average weight gain (53.57g/head/day) were numerically higher in bucks fed 20% SMFWM compared to bucks on 0 and 10%, with 30% replacement having least (P<0.05) value. Dietary replacement of 0 and 20% SMFWM both recorded higher (P<0.05) feed intake. The 20% replacement of SMFWM had lower FCR and cost/kg gain of 6.28 and N368.80 respectively. The dry matter digestibility of 10% SMFWM (89.45%) was higher (P<0.05) than 0 and 30% replacement levels. The 0% had the least (70.56%) coefficient of digestibility for ether extract while NFE for the 10% level of SMFWM was (P<0.05) low than other treatments. However, the digestibility of crude protein and crude fibre was not altered by replacement levels. The lymphocyte, total protein, globulin and serum glucose were affected by inclusion of SMFWM. It was therefore concluded that SMFWM can replace maize offal up to 20% in the diet of growing Red Sokoto bucks for improved weight gain, better FCR and also cost effective without any compromise on the health of Red Sokoto bucks.

Published

2022-06-30