MUCUNA PRURIENS (VAR. UTILIS) FODDER AS DRY SEASON FEED SUPPLEMENT FOR WEST AFRICAN DWARF GOATS

Authors

  • Akinlade, J. A. Department of Animal Production and Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
  • Alalade, J. A.
  • Ojoawo, O. T.
  • Ajagbe, A. W.

Keywords:

Haematological, Mucuna pruriens, WAD goats, intake, digestibility

Abstract

The nutritive attributes of Mucuna pruriens fodder (MPF) were evaluated with West African Dwarf (WAD)goats by feeding MPF as supplement to Panicum maximum grass (PMG) at different ratios of 0:100 (feeding of PMG as sole diet), 10:90, 20:80 and 30:70. The study lasted for 56 days in which feed intake, weight gain, nutrient digestibility and hematological indices were investigated using a completely randomized experimental design. Results indicated that crude protein content of the fodder ranged from 9.63% in the vines to 26.25% in the leaves. The total dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM) and crude protein intakes differed (p<0.05) among the diets. Total DM and OM intakes decreased (p<0.05) with increasing supplementation levels of MPF. Total OM intakes were 47.54, 103.52, 99.04 and 87.91g/day for 0, 10, 20 and 30% supplementation levels, respectively. Total dry matter intake of 52.30g/day was least at the control and was highest (p<0.05) (123.44g/day) at 10% inclusion level of MPF. The haematological indices though declined (p<0.05) slightly from 10% supplementation, were still within the range recommended for goats. The mean values of 24.21% of packed cell volume and 8.25g/dl for haemoglobin in the 10% supplemented group did not differ from the control group. It was concluded, based on weight gain and hematological data that WAD goats could tolerate inclusion of Mucuna pruriens fodder up to 10% as a short term dry season feeding strategy for WAD goats in the derived savanna zone of Nigeria.

Published

2022-06-30