TREND IN FISH PRODUCTION PARAMETERS IN NIGERIA AND ITS TOTAL ESTIMATED DEMAND: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM FISH PRODUCTION

Authors

  • Oladimeji, Y. U. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 1044, Zaria, Nigeria

Keywords:

Fish production, estimated demand, deficit, Nigeria

Abstract

This study examined the trend in fish production parameters in Nigeria and its total estimated demand from 1970-2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Data for the study were sourced from secondary sources. The total domestic production (TDP), artisanal fishery production (AFP) and aquaculture (AQU) per annum were about 42%, 37% and 5% respectively of total estimated demand (ESD). The coefficient of variability for ESD, TDP, AFP and AQU stood at 0.54; 0.37; 0.39 and 0.93 respectively. The result shows that estimated demand for fish grow faster than change in local fish production. Self-sufficiency varies from 98.99% in 1970 to 19.3% in 2014 and shows that fish demand was inversely proportional to local production both from artisanal fisheries and aquaculture. There was a strong positive correlation between the ECG and ESD or TDP which was statistically significant either at 1% or 10%. The study also revealed that an increase in production of fish to meet ESD could bring about improved economic growth, ceteris paribus. Adequate institutional framework such as training through extension services should be put in place for both artisanal fisherfolks and fish farmers to encourage sustainable fish production. Therefore, the capital budgetary allocations to the agricultural sector in Nigeria should followed stipulated 25% FAO standard, or at least 10% Maputo agreement by Africa leaders (African Malabo Declaration, 2014) for livestock sub sector to improve fish self-sufficiency and promote overall fishery development and productivity.

Author Biography

Oladimeji, Y. U., Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 1044, Zaria, Nigeria




Published

2017-06-30