NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF SOME FORAGE SPECIES CONSUMED BY ONE-HUMPED CAMELS (Camelus dromedarius) IN ZARIA SUB-HUMID REGION OF NIGERIA

Authors

  • Ibrahim, H. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria, Nigeria.
  • Mohammed, A. K.
  • Ibrahim, O. A.
  • Ishiyaku, Y. M.
  • Ahmed, S. A.
  • Abdullahi, M.

Keywords:

Forage species, nutritional composition, camels

Abstract

The nutritional compositions of leaves from eight different forage species were analyzed. The forages include: Dalbergia sisso, Ziziphus mauritania, Khaya senegalensis, Lephatadenia hastala, Ziziphus var-spinachristi, Acacia hoskii and Dichrostachys cineria. The forages were analyzed for Dry Matter, Crude Protein, Crude Fiber, Ether Extract, Neutral Detergent Fiber, Acid Detergent Fiber and Nitrogen of their leaves. The dry matter content of the selected forage plants ranged from 94.99% to 97.34% and 89.72% to 97.77% with a mean value of 96.42% and 94.55% in wet and dry season, respectively. The crude protein content ranged from 9.44% to 23. 56% and 9.21% to 18.87with mean value of 16.99% and 15.27% in wet and dry season respectively. The ash contents ranged from 4.23% to 7.99% and 3.49% to 6.28% with a mean of 5.98% and 4.84|% in wet and dry season. The ether extract content obtained in this study ranged from 0.94% to 7.96% and with the mean value of 4.18% in the wet season and 1.03% to 7.66% with a mean of 4.04% in dry season. The crude fiber content ranged from 26.54% to 38.22% and a mean value of 31.21% in wet season and 22.63% to 36.40% with the mean value of 28.8%. These differences in the composition of the forage plants were attributed to the soil type and plant components such as pod, leaf, stem, and season at which the plants were harvested.

Published

2017-06-30