MASTITIS CAUSING PATHOGENS WITHIN THE ENVIRONMENT AND TEATS OF MILKING COWS IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE.

Authors

  • Hassan, R. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Kudi, C.A Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, A.B.U Zaria, Nigeria.
  • Chiezey, N.P National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Rekwot, P.I National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Egbodo, B. E National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Samuel, F.U National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Maikaji. F.S. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Bello, T.K. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,

Keywords:

Mastitis, Dairy cow, Teats, Bedding materials, Bacteria, Environment

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between bacterial numbers found within
bedding materials and those found on the teats in cattle herds bedded on two different bedding
materials namely; sand and composted or dry manure solids. Samples were collected randomly
from two cattle herds under natural housing conditions from the beddings and from the teats of a
representative sample of each herd. Sixty (60) swab samples comprising of 30 teat samples (15
of them from Farm 1 and 15 from Farm 2) and 30 samples from the pen (15 from Farm 1 and 15
from Farm 2) were used. Farm 1 had composted or dried manure solid as the bedding material in
the pen and Farm 2 had sand as the bedding materials in the pen. Staphyloccocus spp,
Citrobacter diversus, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter spp were isolated and also a total
aerobic count for comparison was conducted. When compared with the incidence of mastitis
infections within the herd, the composted or dry organic manure had a considerably higher
number of infections than that from the sand.

Published

2016-12-30