ASSESSMENT OF TWO MAIZE – ACCESSIONS FOR NUTRIENTS CONTENT AND DIGESTIBILITY WITH RED SOKOTO GOATS IN NORTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA OF NIGERIA

Authors

  • Akpensuen, T.T. Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jos, Jos-Nigeria.
  • Dung, D.D. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Amodu, J.T. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Tanko, R.J. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Musa, A. International Livestock Research Institute, Kano Station, Nigeria.
  • Abubabar, S.A. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the nutrients content and digestibility of two maize
accessions: West Atlantic Seed Alliance1 (WASA1) and a cultivar from Shika tagged
(SHIMAZ). The maize seeds were planted in plots size of 5m X 5m with four replicates for each
accession and eight Red Sokoto goats (four for each accession) were used for digestibility study.
Completely randomized design (CRD) was used for the two study. The two maize accessions
were cut for silage making at dough stage (14 weeks after planting) and Six polyethene bags;
(three for each accession) were used as silos. The result showed that, the ash (10.8%) content in
WASA1 silage was higher (P<0.01) compared to that of 6.8% in SHIMAZ. The silage CP
content was also higher (P<0.01) in WASA1 than SHIMAZ (8.6 vs. 7.3%), respectively,
whilethere was no difference (P>0.05) in DM and CF contents of the two maize accessions. The
ash content was higher (P<0.01) in silage compared to fresh forage materials (10.7 vs. 4.51%)
and (7.6 vs. 5.1%) for WASA1 and SHIMAZ, respectively. Crude protein was higher (P<0.01)
in ensiled forage compared to fresh forage materials (8.6 vs. 6.9%) in WASA1 while there was
also no difference (P>0.05) between silage and fresh forage materials in SHIMAZ, even though
it’s silage had a higher value. There was also no difference (P>0.05) in dry matter intake (DMI)
and crude protein intake (CPI). Apparent nutrients digestibility were not significant (P>0.05)
except for crude protein digestibility (CPD) which was higher (P<0.05) in WASA1 compared to
SHIMAZ (73.4 vs. 61.7%) and (82.7 vs. 76.9%) for forage and silage, respectively. The two
maize accessions have high nutrients digestibility and can be grown in the Northern Guinea
Savanna of Nigeria for animal feeding.

Published

2016-12-30