SELECTED SERA MACRO AND MICRO – MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF CROSSBRED WEANER PIGS FED RAW PRIDE OF BARBADOS (Caesalpina pulcherrima) SEEDMEAL

Authors

  • Ogunbode, A. A. Department of Animal Production Technology, Faculty of Animal and Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, PMB 10, Igboora, Nigeria
  • Okeniyi, G.
  • Ojo, B. R.
  • Gbolahan, S. T.

Keywords:

Macro and micro minerals, Raw, pride of Barbados, Pigs, Bioavailability

Abstract

An experiment was conducted with sixteen crossbred (Large White x Landrace) weaner pigs weighing on the average 4.00 kg to assess the sera macro and micro minerals of weaner pigs fed graded levels of raw pride of Barbados seed at 5, 10 and 15% inclusion level in eight weeks feeding trial. Blood samples were collected from the animals through the ear vein for mineral analyses. Results shows that dietary treatments had no significant effect (P>0.05) on calcium and phosphorus. Availability and utilization of calcium and potassium similarly gave values on the test ingredients that were comparable or even superior to values on the control diet (P>0.05). However, the experimental treatments had significant effect (P<0.05) on blood sodium, potassium and magnesium composition. Level of 17.20 mg/kg Phosphorus was obtained in pig fed 10% raw pride of Barbados seed meal while pig on control (diet 1) recorded the least values (16.50 mg/kg). The highest sodium values ( 124.99 mg/kg) was obtained in pig fed diet 3, 10% inclusion of raw pride of Barbados while the least value (95/88 mg/kg) was recorded for pigs fed 0% inclusion of raw pride of Barbados seed meal in diet 1.The highest value of magnesium (3.85 mg/kg) was obtained in pigs fed diet 4 while the least value (3.00 mg/kg) was recorded for pigs fed 0% inclusion of raw pride of Barbados in diet 1.Blood iron ranged from 100.5 in pigs on control diet to 114.67 in those fed diet 4. Zinc of 50.25 was obtained in pig on control diet and 90.22 in diet 4 while in copper, the highest value (113.33) was recorded for pig on diet 4 while the least were obtained in the control diet. There were no significant difference (P>0.05) in the values recorded for manganese. Based on the findings of this study, it could be concluded that raw pride of Barbados was deficient in some micro minerals and therefore suggested that the seed should be supplemented with other feed ingredients that are rich in the nutrient. Raw pride of Barbados seed meal should be included in the weaned pigs diet up to 15% without any adverse effects on bioavailability and utilization of macro and micro minerals.

Published

2017-06-30