GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND NUTRIENTS DIGESTIBILITY OF JAPANESE QUAIL CHICKS (Coturnix coturnix japonica) FED DIETS CONTAINING RAW AND PROCESSED PIGEON PEA SEED MEAL BASED DIETS.

Authors

  • Akintunde, A. R. Department of Animal Science,Taraba State University, Jalingo.
  • Omage, J. J.
  • Onimisi, P. A.
  • Afolayan, M.

Keywords:

Growth performance, Japanese quails, pigeon pea seeds, digestibility, nutrients

Abstract

A total of seven hundred and twenty (one – week old) Japanese quail chicks were randomly allocated to eight dietary treatments, three replicates per treatment and 30 birds per replicate to investigate the growth performance and nutrients’ digestibility of the quails fed diets containing raw and processed pigeon pea seed meal (PPSM). Eight diets were formulated which contained 25% crude protein and 30% raw and processed pigeon pea seed meal (PPSM). These were processed by soaking (for 24, 48 and 72 hours), fermentation, boiling for 60 minutes and roasting for 30 minutes and were designated as dietary treatments:T1 (Control), T2 (raw PPSM), T3 (Soaked PPSM for 24 hours), T4 (Soaked PPSM for 48 hours), T5 (Soaked PPSM for 72 hours), T6 (Fermented PPSM), T7 (Boiled PPSM) and T8 (Roasted PPSM). The experiment lasted 28 days. The results showed that processed PPSM significantly (P<0.05) influenced the performance parameters measured across all the treatments. Birds on the T1 diet had the highest values for final body weight (138.33 g/bird) and daily weight gain (4.16g/bird) compared to other treatments. Daily feed intake was significantly (P<0.05) higher for birds fed PPSM based diets. Feed to gain ratio, feed cost per kg gain (N) and age at first egg (days) were significantly (P<0.05) better for birds on T1 and T6 diets compared to birds on other diets. First egg weight was significantly (P<0.05) lower for birds fed T5 diet compared to the values obtained in birds fed other diets. No mortality was recorded among birds fed PPSM based diets. Birds on the T1 diet had significantly (P<0.05) higher digestibility values in terms of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF) ash and nitrogen free extract (NFE) when compared to other treatments. It was therefore concluded that raw PPSM and those soaked for digestibility was significantly (P<0.05) lower in birds fed diets T3, T4 and T6. However, ether extract digestibility was significantly (P<0.05) higher in birds fed T1, T2 and T5 diets 24 hours, fermented, and those roasted improved performance and digestibility of nutrients.

Published

2017-06-30