DIETARY EFFECT OF BITTER LEAF (VERNONIA AMYGDALINA) MEAL ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, CARCASS AND INTERNAL ORGANS CHARACTERISTICS OF FINISHER BROILERS

Authors

  • Ndelekwute, E. K. Department of Animal Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.
  • Ekere, P. C.
  • Assam, E. D.
  • Okonkwo, A. C.

Keywords:

bitter leaf meal, carcass, finisher broilers, internal organs, growth.

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of bitter leaf meal (BLM) on growth, carcass and internal organs of finisher broilers. 144 unsexed Anak strains of broilers were used. There were 4 treatments containing 36 birds each arranged in completely randomized design (CRD). Each treatment was replicated thrice with each having 12 birds. The birds were fed formulated starter feed containing no BLM for the first 4 weeks. At the beginning of the 5th week BLM was introduced at the rate of 0, 25, 50 and 75 g/kg diet representing T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively for 4 weeks ad libitum including drinking water. At the end of the experiment, broilers on T4 (with 75 g/kg BLM) had the highest final live weight, total feed intake and better feed:gain ratio (P<0.05). There were no significant (P>0.05) differences in dressed percentage and cut-parts. All the levels of the BLM significantly (P<0.05) reduced the abdominal fat. Higher bile volume was produced by broilers fed diet T4. The weight of the small intestine and caecum were significantly (P<0.05) reduced in broilers on 75 g/kg BLM. Hence 75 g/kg BLM inclusion level is recommended in broiler diets in the finisher phase.

Published

2017-06-30