THE EFFECT OF NEWCASTLE AND GUMBORO DISEASES ON INCOME OF LAYER POULTRY PRODUCTION IN JOS METROPOLIS, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors

  • Folorunso, S. T. Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State.
  • Abia E. Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State.
  • Okoroji, E. O. Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State.
  • Dawang, N. C. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria,
  • Binuyo, G. Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State.

Keywords:

Effect, New castle, Gumboro, Income, Layer poultry Production.

Abstract

This study analyzed the effect of Newcastle and Gumboro diseases on the income of layer
poultry production in Jos metropolis of Plateau State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling
technique was used to select 75 layer poultry farmers in Jos metropolis consisting of Jos North
and Jos South local government areas. Data collection was by administration of questionnaires
designed to obtain information on poultry layer farmers’ socio-economic characteristics, income,
and input and output prices. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression models were used to
achieve the objectives of the study. The average age of the poultry layer farmers was 36 years
while 92 percent had a minimum of primary education. Average years of experience in poultry
farming were 8 years while the average household size of poultry layer farmers was 5 members.
The five estimated coefficients of the parameters of production were all positive and significant.
Flock size, management system and bird mortality were significant at 10% level of probability
while feed quantity and capital were significant at 5% level of probability. This implies that
mortality due to Newcastle and Gumboro is an important factor in poultry production and will
significantly affect the income of the farmers in the study area. However, income can be
increased if Newcastle and Gumboro diseases vaccines are administered properly and timely.
Also, proper management practices should be adopted and sustained in order reduce the
incidence of Newcastle and Gumboro diseases and to sustain increased income.

Published

2016-12-30