CARCASS COMPONENTS AND DRESSING PERCENTAGE OF THREE SHEEP BREEDS FED BRACHIARIA DECUMBENS OR DIGITARIA SMUTSII HAY

Authors

  • Madziga, I. I. National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 1096, Shika – Zaria,  Nigeria.
  • Otaru, S. M.
  • Osuhor, C. U.
  • Lakpini, C. A. M.

Keywords:

Ribeye area; Tropical grasses; Sheep; Carcass yield; Breed.

Abstract

Digitaria smutsii (Stent) or Brachiaria decumbens (Stapf) hay was utilized to assess the impact on carcass features and meat yield in thirty intact rams, ten of each breed of sheep (Balami, Uda, and Yankasa). An analysis of variance was performed on the data, and the Duncan test was used to compare the means at 5 % significance. Hay type had an impact on carcass yield, slaughter weight, and body weight. When compared to B. decumbens hay, rams fed D. smutsii hay produced larger weights of both hot and cold carcasses. Breed differences showed that Balami performed best, followed by Uda, and Yankasa performed worst in terms of carcass features and some organ weight. Animals grown on D. smutsii outperformed those raised on B. decumbens, according to the interaction effect. Animals reared on D. smutsii hay exhibited superior dressing % and rib eye area in comparison to those raised on B. decumbens. Compared to Balami, Uda, and Yankasa raised on B. decumbens, the dressing percentage of Balami on D. smutsii was greater by 2.21, 7.75, and 34.23 %, respectively. It was determined that Balami was the best animal and that animals given D. smutsii outperformed those fed B. deumbens. For a faster development rate and greater carcass production, farmers are advised to raise their animals on D. smutsii hay supplemented with concentrate.

Published

2022-12-30