http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/issue/feed Journal of Animal Production Research 2024-06-15T14:24:13+01:00 Prof. G. T. Iyeghe-Erakpotobor gtiek96@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Animal Production Research is the only journal that is published by National Animal Production Research Institute for the dissemination of information relevant to the improvement of animal production especially in Africa and the tropics. Materials considered for publication include Reports of original research, Review Articles, Book Review, News and Notes in the field of animal production.</p> http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/498 QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE TRAITS FROM SELECTED BREEDS OF CATTLE AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP IN SEMI ARID ZONE OF NIGERIA 2024-05-15T06:03:52+01:00 M. Abubakar masudabk79@gmail.com M. Kabir japr@napri.gov.ng B. I. Nwagu japr@napri.gov.ng A. O. Iyiola-Tunji japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was conducted to characterize quantitative and qualitative traits from selected breeds of cattle and their relationship in semi-arid zone of Nigeria. A total of 60 lactating cows comprising of 20 each of Bokoloji, Rahaji and Bunaji breeds of first parity were used. The cows were milked three times in the late rainy season August to September in two weeks interval by the same person across the breed. The milk yield was measured with a graduated cylinder and 20 ml milk sample was used for protein and fat contents analysis. The data obtained were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) using Statistical Analysis System (SAS) and significant means were compared using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The degree of relationship between all pairs of variables was computed using CORR Procedure of the SAS. The result showed breed had a significant (P &lt; 0.05) effect on milk yield, protein content, fat yield and protein content with Bokoloji having a superiority in milk yield (2.18), protein content (4.93), fat yield (6.64) and protein yield (10.78) while Rahaji and Bunaji were statistically same in milk yield (1.56 and 1.82), protein content (4.25and 4.28) and protein yield (6.56 and 7.84) respectively except fat yield (4.70) which was least in Rahaji. There were both positive and negative significant (p&lt;0.05-0.01) correlation between milk yield and compositions likewise positive and significant (p&lt;0.05-0.01) correlation were observed between milk yield with protein composition, fat yield, protein yield while a negative significant (p&lt;0.05) correlation between milk yield and fat in all the three breeds. It was concluded that Bunaji breed was found to be the best in milk improvement programme in the semi-arid zone in Nigeria as it excelled in milk yield (2.18 kg), protein content (4.92%) and protein yield (0.11 kg).</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/500 SEMEN QUALITY, TESTICULAR MORPHOMETRY AND IMMUNE TRAITS OF NOILER COCKS GIVEN TAMARIND LEAVES AQUEOUS EXTRACT (TAMARINDUS INDICA L.) IN A HOT DRY ENVIRONMENT 2024-05-15T07:12:56+01:00 B. Saleh japr@napri.gov.ng A. A. Mahmoud japr@napri.gov.ng A. Mohammed japr@napri.gov.ng J. Adamu japr@napri.gov.ng I. Haladu japr@napri.gov.ng T. Jibrin japr@napri.gov.ng H. Zaro japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was designed to determine the effect of tamarind leaves aqueous extract on semen quality, testicular morphometry and immune traits of Noiler cocks in a hot dry environment. Twenty-four (24) Noiler cocks of thirty-two (32) weeks of age were used for the experiment. The birds were reared on deep litter and were fed <em>ad libitum</em> with a commercial feed (14% CP) throughout the twelve weeks’ experimental period. The tamarind leaves aqueous extract (TLE), were obtained by boiling a known quantity of the leaves with tap water for ten minutes and allowed to cool and then filtered. The filtrate (extract) was given to the cocks as drinking water throughout the experimental period. Fresh extracts were prepared every day. The cocks were divided into four treatment groups, each replicated three times in a Completely Randomized Design and offered the tamarind leaves extract as follows; T1 = Control (No tamarind leaves extract), T2 = 5g tamarind leaves in 1litre of water, T3 = 10g tamarind leaves in 1litre of water, T4 = 15g tamarind leaves in 1litre of water. Data was collected on semen volume, colour, motility, concentration, testicular morphometry.&nbsp; Semen volume (0.43 ml) was highest (p&lt;0.05) in cocks given 10g TLE/l. Aqueous tamarind leaves extract had no effect on pH, mass motility and percentage abnormal sperm cells. Individual motility was low (p&lt;0.05) at 15gTLE/l. Sperm concentration and percentage dead sperm were highest (p&lt;0.05) in the group given 10g/l TLE. Cocks given 10g/l TLE had heavier (p&lt;0.05) left and paired testicular weights. There was significant influence of TLE on eosinophils, total protein, albumin and globulin, while means for white blood cells, neutrophils and lymphocytes were similar for all treatments. It was concluded that 10g/L aqueous tamarind leaves extract (TLE) positively influenced semen quality, testicular morphometry and immune response of Noiler cocks in a hot dry environment.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/505 EFFECT OF ADMINISTRATION OF EGG-LIME-MOLASSES MIXTURE ON HAEMATOLOGY, SERUM BIOCHEMICAL AND VISCERAL ORGAN PARAMETERS OF JAPANESE QUAILS 2024-05-15T08:27:58+01:00 L. C. Ndubuisi-Ogbonna adeyinka.akintunde@gmail.com A. O. Akintunde japr@napri.gov.ng O. A. Olorunfemi japr@napri.gov.ng M. M. Ladele japr@napri.gov.ng O. E. Akinboye japr@napri.gov.ng B. A. Shobo japr@napri.gov.ng O. J. Afodu japr@napri.gov.ng O. J. Banjoko japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the administration of aqueous solution of egg-lime-molasses mixture (ELM) on blood profile and visceral organs parameters of Japanese quails. The experiment was conducted in the poultry section of Babcock University Farmhouse, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria. ELM was prepared by placing fresh chicken eggs in a bowl containing 1 liter of lime juice and 500g of molasses and tightly covered and left for 10 days at temperature of 27<sup>o</sup>C and relative humidity of 61%. The entire solution was blended together. Two hundred day old birds were assigned to five treatments with forty birds in a completely randomized design (CRD). The birds were subdivided into 4 replicates of 10 birds each. The control (T1) having no administration of ELM, T2, T3, T4 and T5 had inclusion levels of 10ml, 20ml, 30ml and 40ml in 500ml of water, respectively.&nbsp; Feed and water were offered <em>ad libitum</em>. Data were collected on blood profile and visceral organs parameters and subjected to one-way analysis of variance (p&lt;0.05). Result showed no significant difference (p&gt;0.05) in haematology but significant difference (p&lt;0.05) in cholesterol and alanine transaminase (ALT) with birds with the highest administration of ELM (30ml and 40ml ELM/500ml water) having significantly least values. The administration of ELM significantly influenced (P&lt;0.05) the relative weights of spleen, small intestine and gizzard. It can be concluded that ELM can be administered to Japanese quails up to 40ml per 500ml of water without compromising the health status of the birds.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/502 EGG LAYING PERFORMANCE, BLOOD PROFILE, EGG EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL QUALITIES OF GUINEA FOWLS RAISED IN THREE DIFFERENT HOUSING SYSTEMS 2024-05-15T07:40:02+01:00 O. P. A. Idowu japr@napri.gov.ng A. T. Amos japr@napri.gov.ng K. R. Idowu japr@napri.gov.ng D. U. Kareem japr@napri.gov.ng A. M. Bamgbose japr@napri.gov.ng O. M. O. Idowu japr@napri.gov.ng O. M. Sogunle japr@napri.gov.ng <p>The study examined the impact of different housing systems on the blood profile, egg production, and egg external and internal characteristics of guinea fowl. Seventy-eight 24-week-old Helmeted Guinea fowl pullets were assigned respectively to different housing systems, namely, battery cage, deep litter, and deep litter with access to run. Data was collected on egg-laying performance and characteristics, and the results showed that the average final weight, weight gain, feed intake, feed per dozen eggs, and total egg were significantly influenced by the housing systems. Egg weight and shell thickness were highest in eggs from birds on deep litter with a run housing system, and the eggs had the deepest yolk color. Hens in deep litter with run had the highest total serum protein, albumin, and glucose values compared to other systems. The study concluded that deep litter housing with run had better growth performance and egg quality traits, suggesting it was more beneficial for guinea fowl production in tropical environments.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/503 THE DYNAMICS OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION OF THREONINE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKENS 2024-05-15T07:53:16+01:00 B. A. Makanjuola bamakanjuola@gmail.com A. O. Sorunke japr@napri.gov.ng B. A. Boladuro japr@napri.gov.ng I. A. Omodewu japr@napri.gov.ng A. S. Dunmade japr@napri.gov.ng A. O. K. Adesehinwa japr@napri.gov.ng <p>An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of three levels of supplemental threonine on the performance, carcass characteristics and blood parameters of broiler chickens. It was hypothesised that supplemental threonine would improve overall broiler chicken performance. One hundred and sixty day-old arbor acres broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 4 treatments. Each treatment was replicated 4 times and each replicate had 10 birds. The treatments were treatment 1 (control treatment): no supplemental threonine, treatment 2: 250 mg supplemental threonine, treatment 3: 500 mg supplemental threonine and treatment 4: 750 mg supplemental threonine. The experiment lasted 56 days. Birds on treatment 3 had significantly (p &lt; 0.05) higher live weight than birds on the other treatments. No significant differences were observed in the weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of the birds on the different treatments. Platelet, white blood cell, red blood cell, heterophil counts and globulin values all differed significantly among birds on all the treatments. The results showed that supplemental threonine (500 mg) has the potential to enhance growth performance and blood health of broiler chickens.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/506 INFLUENCE OF TETRAPLEURA TETRAPTERA AS ADDITIVE ON BLOOD PROFILE OF BROILER CHICKENS 2024-05-15T13:21:49+01:00 T. O. Adams adamstaiwo2012@gmail.com Abu, O. A. Abu, O. A. japr@napri.gov.ng I. A. Adebisi japr@napri.gov.ng A. A. ogunbodde japr@napri.gov.ng C. B. Emiola japr@napri.gov.ng O. Oladepo japr@napri.gov.ng M. Oseni japr@napri.gov.ng G. J. Ogunro japr@napri.gov.ng A. O. Oladipupo japr@napri.gov.ng <p>There is a growing interest in plant feed additives in livestock production. This study was designed to assess the influence of dietary inclusion of <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera</em> in drinking water on blood profiles of broiler chicken. A total of Two-hundred-day old broiler chicks were used. There were five (5) dietary treatments. TI 0.00g/litre (control) contained no <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera,</em> T2-T5contained 0.25g/litres,0.50g/litres,0.75g/litres and 1.00g/litres of <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera</em> respectively. Each treatment was replicated four (4) times with each replicate having 10birds in a complete randomized design (CRD).&nbsp; The experiment lasted for 7weeks. Results revealed that Packed cell volume (PCV), Haemoglobin (Hb) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) values of birds fed diet 1-5 were similar (P&gt;0.05), also, Serum biochemical indices showed no significant (P&gt;0.05) difference except serum albumin that was significantly (P&lt;0.05) difference among the treatment group. The overall result shows that birds on diet 3 (0.50g/litres of <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera</em>) had significantly superior body weight gain and final body weight than birds on diet 1 (0.00g/litre), diet 2 (0.25g/litres), diet 4 (0.75g/litres) and diet 5 (1.00g/litre) of <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera</em> respectively.The study could be concluded that 0.50g/litres of <em>Tetrapleura tetraptera</em> in drinking water could be used to improve the blood profile to produce antibiotics residues free chicken meat.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/504 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS AND HAEMATOLOGICAL INDICES OF GROWING RABBITS FED MORINDA LUCIDA LEAVES 2024-05-15T08:07:47+01:00 T. Fakorede tayeabegunde2@yahoo.com S. M. Odeyinka japr@napri.gov.ng T. O. Abegunde japr@napri.gov.ng S. K. Ayandiran japr@napri.gov.ng <p>An 84-day feeding trial was carried out to investigate the performance characteristics and haematological indices of growing rabbits fed <em>Morinda lucida </em>(ML) leaves<em>. </em>Fifty weaner crossbred (New Zealand white x Chinchilla) rabbits (10 per treatment) of mixed sexes with an average initial body weight of 548.41g were randomly assigned to five (5) treatment diets in a completely randomized design (CRD) where T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 were made up of the components as described: T1= 0% ML + 100% concentrate, T2 = 5% ML + 95% concentrate, T3 = 10% ML + 90% concentrate, T4 = 15% ML and 85% concentrate and T5 = 20% ML + 80% concentrate. Average daily weight gain and average feed intake were monitored. Dry matter (DM) content of diets in treatment 2 (87.40%) was significantly (P&lt;0.05) lower than other treatments. Crude protein, ether extract, ash and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) values were similar in all treatment samples. Crude fibre values for treatment 3 was significantly (P&lt;0.05) highest (12.62%). There were no significant differences (p&lt;0.05) in the crude protein, ether extract, ash and NFE content of diets. Average body weight gain of rabbits fed the different diets were similar. Rabbits fed diets containing <em>Morinda lucida </em>leaves had significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) daily feed intake. Analysis of blood components showed that Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Red Blood Cells (RBC), White Blood Cells (WBC), Monocytes and Eosinophils (EOS) were not affected by diets. It was concluded that <em>Morinda</em> <em>lucida</em> leaves can be included in the diet of growing rabbits up to 10% without any deleterious effect on the performance and haematological indices.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/511 CARCASS QUALITY, HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF BROILER CHICKENS FED DIETS CONTAINING GRADED LEVELS OF COMBINATIONS OF IRISH POTATO PEEL AND YAM PEEL MEALS (IPYPM) WITH ENZYME SUPPLEMENTATION 2024-05-29T10:33:10+01:00 E. J. Kpanja ejkpanja2@gmail.com E. A. Kotso japr@napri.gov.ng <p>In the search for alternative energy sources that can be substitute for maize in poultry feeds, a 9-week trial was conducted to ascertain the effect of diets containing varying levels of Irish potato and yam peel meals (IPYPM) with enzyme supplementation on carcass quality, haematological and blood biochemical profile of broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty (240) Anak-2000 broiler chicks aged 6 days were randomly assigned to 12 floor pens containing 20 birds each divided into four treatments with each treatment subdivided into three replicates. Four diets, based on 23 and 20% crude protein in the starter and finisher phases respectively, were formulated to contain 0, 10, 20 and 30% IPYPM replacement for maize grain. Maxigrain<sup>®</sup>&nbsp;enzyme was added according to manufacturer’s specification. Each of the diets was fed to 3 pens of 20 birds in a completely randomized design. Data were collected on carcass quality, haematological and blood biochemical profile and were statistically analyzed using the general linear model procedure of statistical analysis (SAS, 2002). Significantly different means were compared using Dunnett' test (Dunnett, 1955). Differences between means were considered significant at P&lt;0.05. There were no adverse effect of the test material on carcass quality, haematological and blood biochemical parameters as they all fell within normal range for broilers. It was concluded that IPYPM can replace maize up to 30% without adverse effect on carcass quality, haematological and biochemical profile of broiler chickens.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/509 EFFECT OF VARYING LEVELS OF MOLASSES AND GROUNDNUT CAKE ON SEMEN MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND TESTICULAR PARAMETERS OF RED SOKOTO BUCKS 2024-05-22T02:41:41+01:00 A. A., Njidda ahmednjidda7@gmail.com O. R. Olayiwola japr@napri.gov.ng D. S. Ibrahim japr@napri.gov.ng <p>An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of varying levels of energy and protein on some reproductive parameters of Red Sokoto bucks. Twenty Red Sokoto bucks of aged 5-6 months weighing 8.5±10 kg were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments in a complete randomized design with four animals per treatment.&nbsp; Treatments compared were T<sub>1, </sub>T<sub>2, </sub>T<sub>3, </sub>T<sub>4 </sub>and T<sub>5 </sub>receiving 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% molasses and 40, 30, 20, 10 and 0% Groundnut cake (GNC) in a mixed ration respectively. The result reveals that the right and left testes filtrate ranged from 14.32 – 29.14 mls and 14.67 – 34.12 mls respectively, being higher (P&lt;0.05) on T<sub>2</sub> and T<sub>4</sub> than other treatments. The right and left homogenate values ranged from 3.90 – 5.80 mls and 3.40 – 5.05 respectively, being higher (P&lt;0.05) on T<sub>2</sub> and T<sub>3</sub> than other treatments. The right and left epididymal length were higher for T<sub>4 </sub>compared to other treatment groups while the right and left epididymal weight were higher for T<sub>1</sub> compared to other treatment groups. The semen morphological characteristics showed significant (P&lt;0.05) difference amongst treatment except for semen volume and mid piece abnormality which showed no significant (P&gt;0.05) effect. Based on these findings, it clearly shows that level of molasses (40%) in the diet of goats (bucks) has no significant (P&gt;0.05) effect on the reproductive performance of Red Sokoto goats (bucks).</p> 2017-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/512 CARCASS COMPONENTS AND DRESSING PERCENTAGE OF THREE SHEEP BREEDS FED BRACHIARIA DECUMBENS OR DIGITARIA SMUTSII HAY 2024-05-29T10:44:08+01:00 I. I. Madziga iimadziga2k@gmail.com S. M. Otaru japr@napri.gov.ng C. U. Osuhor japr@napri.gov.ng C. A. M. Lakpini japr@napri.gov.ng <p><em>Digitaria smutsii </em><em>(Stent)</em> or <em>Brachiaria decumbens </em><em>(Stapf)</em> hay was utilized to assess the impact on carcass features and meat yield in thirty intact rams, ten of each breed of sheep (Balami, Uda, and Yankasa). An analysis of variance was performed on the data, and the Duncan test was used to compare the means at 5 % significance. Hay type had an impact on carcass yield, slaughter weight, and body weight. When compared to <em>B. decumbens</em> hay, rams fed <em>D. smutsii</em> hay produced larger weights of both hot and cold carcasses. Breed differences showed that Balami performed best, followed by Uda, and Yankasa performed worst in terms of carcass features and some organ weight. Animals grown on <em>D. smutsii</em> outperformed those raised on <em>B. decumbens,</em> according to the interaction effect. Animals reared on <em>D. smutsii</em> hay exhibited superior dressing % and rib eye area in comparison to those raised on <em>B. decumbens.</em> Compared to Balami, Uda, and Yankasa raised on <em>B. decumbens</em>, the dressing percentage of Balami on <em>D. smutsii</em> was greater by 2.21, 7.75, and 34.23 %, respectively. It was determined that Balami was the best animal and that animals given <em>D. smutsii</em> outperformed those fed <em>B. deumbens</em>. For a faster development rate and greater carcass production, farmers are advised to raise their animals on <em>D. smutsii</em> hay supplemented with concentrate.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/501 GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clariasgariepinus) JUVENILES FED WITH DIET OF DIFFERENT PROTEIN LEVELS 2024-05-15T07:25:36+01:00 A. Yunusa ayunusa153@yahoo.com Yusuf. A. Yusuf. A. japr@napri.gov.ng W. Buba japr@napri.gov.ng F. O. Muhammed japr@napri.gov.ng M. M. Salaudeen japr@napri.gov.ng <p>A study was carried out in the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture hatchery, Faculty of Agriculture, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State to determine the effect of different protein level diets on the growth performance of the African catfish <em>(Clariasgariepinu</em>s) juveniles. Four experimental diets with various crude protein levels 25, 35, 45 and 55% were formulated using trial and error method. One hundred and eighty juveniles of African catfish of initial weight of 8.75g were distributed in twelve circular plastic containers: each container stocked with ten fishes fed with the four formulated diets for six weeks and each treatment replicated thrice. The result showed that the fish fed with highest protein (55%) level had the highest final weight (18.24 g) and weight gain (1.94g), while the fish fed with lowest protein (25%) level had the lowest final weight (13.55g) and weight gain (1.29g) The specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio and food conversion ratio were recorded as 0.62 ± 0.24, 0.79 ± 0.03, and 5.08 ± 0.35respectively. The result showed an increase in growth indices with increase in dietary protein levels. Most of the growth indices such as mean weight gain (MWG) specific growth rate, (SGR), mean daily weight gain (MDW) and food conversion ratio (FCR), were higher (P&gt;0.05) in juveniles fed with 55% crude protein. Higher dietary protein level was observed to give higher growth rate in this study and it is therefore recommended that juveniles of the African catfish are ought to be fed with higher protein level (55%) diet for optimum production.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/499 ACUTE TOXICITY AND HAEMATOLOGICALRESPONSE OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clariasgariepinus) JUVENILES EXPOSED OF AQUEOUS (Parkiabiglobosa) LEAF SOLUTION. 2024-05-15T06:53:56+01:00 A. Yusuf abelyusuf2001@gmail.com A. Yunusa japr@napri.gov.ng W. Buba japr@napri.gov.ng P. T. Ibitoye japr@napri.gov.ng M. M. Salaudeen japr@napri.gov.ng <p>The acute toxicity of aqueous extract of <em>Parkiabiglobosa </em>leaf on <em>Clariasgariepinus</em> juveniles was investigated in a static bioassay to determine the median lethal concentrations (LC50) at 96 h of exposure. Six graded concentrations of 0, 85.5, 90.5, 95.5, 100.5 and 105.5 mg/l of the aqueous extract were applied to <em>Clariasgariepinus </em>juveniles in plastic containers. The 96 h LC50 values (with 95% confidence limits) estimated by probity analysis was 90.241 mgl<sup>-1</sup>. Fishes exposed to lethal concentrations (0, 85.5, 90.5, 95.5, 100.5 and 105.5 mg/l) for 96 hours revealed that aqueous extract of <em>Parkiabiglobosa </em>leaf causes alterations in various blood parameters. Red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts, haemoglobin concentration and haematocrit values were decreased. The toxicity of the aqueous extract of the plant against <em>Clariasgariepinus </em>was both time and dose dependent. It is expected that this plant extract will be useful in aquaculture to eradicate predators and competing wild fish from nursery, rearing and stocking ponds prior to the stocking of commercially important fry and fingerlings of desired species.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/513 GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND FEED UTILIZATION OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS (BURCHELL, 1822) FED DIETS CONTAINING SUN-DRIED LOCUST MEAL (SCHISTOCERCA GREPARIA) AS REPLACEMENT FOR DIETARY FISH MEAL 2024-05-29T11:30:08+01:00 B. I. Balogun balogunib@gmail.com S. J. Oniye japr@napri.gov.ng J. Auta japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of replacing fish meal with sun-dried locust meal in the diet for <em>Clarias gariepinus. </em>Juveniles. Juveniles(20.0±0.02g) were stocked in improvised non-recirculatory and semi-flow through indoor plastic tanks (52x34x33cm) and fed diets (40% crude protein) containing sun-dried locust meal (SDLM) at levels of 0%, 25% 50% and 75% inclusion (Diets I, II, III and IV respectively) with two diets acting as control and reference (Diets (I and V). At the end of the 84 days feeding trials, diets with higher inclusion levels of SDLM (Diets III and IV) significantly depressed growth performance of fish. The variations observed in the Specific Growth Rate (SGR), Fed Conversion Ratio (FCR), Feed Efficiency Ratio (FER) and Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) were associated with the chitin present in the diets, these parameters reduced with increasing levels of SDLM in the diets of fish. The results suggested that SDLM can be used to substitute up to 25% levels of dietary protein in <em>C. gariepinus </em>juveniles without significant reduction in growth.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/507 IDENTIFICATION OF OPPORTUNISTIC ORGANISMS ASSOCIATED WITH SEPTICEMIA IN BACKYARD POULTRY IN ZARIA KADUNA STATEGROWTH PERFORMANCE OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clariasgariepinus) JUVENILES FED WITH DIET OF DIFFERENT PROTEIN LEVELS 2024-05-15T13:30:49+01:00 A. Yunusa ayunusa153@yahoo.com A. Yusuf japr@napri.gov.ng W. Buba japr@napri.gov.ng F. O. Muhammed japr@napri.gov.ng M. M. Salaudeen japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was carried out in the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Hatchery, Faculty of Agriculture, Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Kogi State to determine the effect of different protein level diets on the growth performance of the African catfish <em>(Clariasgariepinu</em>s) juveniles. Four experimental diets with various crude protein levels 25, 35, 45 and 55% were formulated using trial and error method. One hundred and eighty juveniles of African catfish of initial weight of 8.75g were distributed in twelve circular plastic containers with each container stocked with ten fishes, fed with the four formulated diets for six weeks and each treatment replicated thrice. The result showed that the fish fed with highest protein (55%) level had the highest final weight (18.24g) and weight gain (1.94g), while the fish fed with lowest protein (25%) level had the lowest final weight (13.55g) and weight gain (1.29g). The specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio and food conversion ratio were recorded as 0.62 ± 0.24, 0.79 ± 0.03 and 5.08 ± 0.35, respectively. The result showed an increase in growth indices with increase in dietary protein levels. Most of the growth indices such as mean weight gain (MWG) specific growth rate, (SGR), mean daily weight gain (MDW) and food conversion ratio (FCR) were higher (P&gt;0.05) in juveniles fed with 55% crude protein. Higher dietary protein level was observed to give higher growth rate in the study and it is therefore, recommended that juveniles of the African catfish ought to be fed with higher protein level (55%) diet for optimum production.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/508 EFFECTS OF WATER SOAK AND LIME SOAK ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS AND DRY MATTER LOSSES OF HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA SEEDS 2024-05-15T13:41:33+01:00 T. A. Ibrahim japr@napri.gov.ng S. B. Abdu japr@napri.gov.ng M. R. Hassan japr@napri.gov.ng A. Musa japr@napri.gov.ng T. O. Oyewo japr@napri.gov.ng I. K. Alhabib japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was carried out to assess the nutritional potential and the dry matter losses of <em>Hibiscus sabdariffa L. </em>seeds from two processing methods (water soak and lime soak) with each method having three different patterns in a completely randomized design (CRD). The water soak method involved three different duration of changing water (0hrs, 24hrs and 48hrs) which lasted for four days while the lime soak method involved three different inclusion levels (3%, 6% and 9%) of lime (Ca(OH)<sub>2</sub>) in clean water for 24 hrs. Results indicated that there was a significant (P&lt;0.05) difference observed in all the parameters. The results showed that the dry matter losses in the seeds increased significantly (P&lt;0.05) in water soak with increased frequency of water change but decreased (P&lt;0.05) in lime soak method with higher inclusion levels of lime, water soak had more dry matter loss than lime soak due to differences in soaking duration. There was a significant (P&lt;0.05) increase in crude proteins, nitrogen free extract and crude minerals for the two processing methods but a decrease (P&lt;0.05) was observed for ether extract and fiber fractions. Also, while a decrease (P&lt;0.05) was observed in phytates and tannins, no effective trend was noted for oxalates contents of the seeds for both water and lime soak methods in comparison with the raw seeds. There was an increase in Ca, P and Fe but a statistical (P&lt;0.05) decrease was observed in Mg and K as compared to the raw seeds. It was also noted that potassium is the major mineral in <em>H. sabdariffa </em>seeds though, significantly reduce when processed. It was therefore concluded that both water soak and lime soak methods of processing improved the chemical compositions and reduce the tannins and phytates of <em>H. sabdariffa</em> seeds with some amount of losses in dry matter.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/514 EVALUATION OF AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THREE FORAGE GRASSES INFLUENCED BY IRRIGATION AND HARVESTING AGE IN THE DERIVED SAVANNA ZONE OF NIGERIA 2024-06-15T14:14:30+01:00 <p>The rate at which climatic variations affect productivity of forage in the tropics demand the need to improve its production in order to meet up with animal requirements. A study was conducted to evaluate the growth and chemical composition of irrigated <em>Brachairia decumbens </em>(Bd), <em>Panicum maximum</em> (Pm) and <em>Pennisetum purpureum</em> (Pp) at the Teaching and Research Farm, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, in the derived savanna zone Ogbomoso (Latitude 8<sup>0</sup>N, Longitude 4<sup>0</sup>E). The experiment was carried out using a 2 × 3 factorial design with two daily irrigation (0.6 and 1.2 L) and three harvesting periods (8, 12 and 16 weeks after planting - WAP) in three replicates. Data on plant height was taken at the harvesting stages while herbage samples were randomly collected for dry matter and crude protein determination. Results revealed highest (p&lt;0.05) plant height for Bd (67.90cm), Pm (161.20cm) and Pp (85.79cm) for 1.2L 16WAP, while least values (35.84cm, 45.95cm and 35.97cm), respectively, occurred in 0.6L 8WAP. The dry matter and crude protein were significantly different (p&lt;0.05). 0.6L16WAP had highest DM (65.49 and 58.51%) for Bd and Pm, respectively while 1.2L16WAP had highest DM (59.96%) for Pp. Their corresponding least values were recorded for 1.2L8WAP. Crude protein contents decreased with increasing cutting ages. 1.2L8WAP had highest CP for Bd (10.50%) and Pp (14.88%) while 0.6L12WAP recorded highest CP (10.51%) for Pm. The examined forage grasses effectively responded to irrigation.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 2022 http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/407 IMPACT OF NATIONAL ANIMAL PRODUCTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE (NAPRI) ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL HOLDER LIVESTOCK FARMERS IN GIWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE 2023-09-19T11:24:27+01:00 M. Y. Abdullahi malamingona@gmail.com A. A. Wahab malamingona@gmail.com S. Ahmed malamingona@gmail.com <p>The paper presents the decreasing trend in productivity level of livestock sub-sector and tries to assess the impact of National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) Programmes for livestock productivity in villages adjoining the research institute. Giwa L.G.A of Kaduna state from north-west zone was purposively selected due to proximity to NAPRI headquarters for easy collection of data. Questionnaires were distributed to farmers across 10 wards of the local government and 301 were retrieved. Giwa (31), Shika (30), D/Mahawayi (30), KAkangi (30), Gangara (30), F/Hauya (30), Galadimawa (30), Kidandan (30), Yakawada (30) and Idosu (30). Information on socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, perception on importance of the programmes of NAPRI, (livestock system programme), impact on income and living standard as well as problems associated with knowledge transfer in the areas were collected. Data obtained were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics (Mean, Frequencies, Likert type scale) and independent T-test. The result indicated that access to veterinary services (3.54), access to livestock information (3.52) and knowledge of livestock rearing (3.51) with weighted averages higher than 3.5 were ranked as extremely important while perception on impact of the programme revealed increase in capacity to feed the family and income with 2.84 and 2.83 respectively. The independent T-test further indicated that farmers level of income and possession of household items were significant at 1% while capacity to feed the family at 5% which indicated positive significance of the programme. It is therefore, recommended that trainings, and production of teaching materials (Leaf let, Magazines, slides, and films) should consider the use of local languages to reach at farmers for more awareness on improved technology to facilitate its adoption for both agricultural and national development.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research http://journal.napri.gov.ng/index.php/japr/article/view/515 DETERMINANTS OF SHIKABROWN® COCKS (SIRE LINE) ADOPTION FOR UPGRADING LOCAL CHICKENS AMONG POULTRY FARMERS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA 2024-06-15T14:24:13+01:00 Y. Yunusa yynapriabu@gmail.com H. O. Yusuf japr@napri.gov.ng L. L. Yakubu japr@napri.gov.ng <p>This study was carried out to analyze factors influencing the adoption of ShikaBrown cocks for upgrading local chickens in Giwa and Sabon Gari Local Government Areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of two hundred and one (201) poultry farmers constituting 174 males and 27 females were randomly sampled using a multi-stage sampling procedure. Data were collected with the administration of structured questionnaire and analyzed with inferential statistics. The study covered ten (10) villages (Hayin Gada, Maraban Guga, Mahuta, Kurku, Tsibiri, Salenke, Ungwa Galadima, Bijimi in Giwa LGA, and Karfe and Biye in Sabon Gari LGA.). The variables include age, marital status, level of education, sex, poultry production experience and household size. The result of the analysis showed that, the bulk of poultry farmers (86.6%) were males and only 13.4% were women, who owned and engaged in poultry farming. The study also revealed that, majority of the farmers (94%) were found to be married; about 49% of the farmers have household size was above 10 persons with an average of 13 people per household. The result showed majority (86.6%) of the farmers to be literate in the study area who had one form of formal education or the other. A significant proportion (36%) of the farmers were within the ages of 40- 49 years with a mean age of 48 years, relatively experienced in poultry production. About 79% of farmers spent more than 10 years in poultry production with the mean years of poultry farming experience to be 15 years. The logit regression result showed that age was positive and significant at 5% level, experience in poultry farming was positive and significant at 10% level while, access to credit was positive and significant at 10%. it is recommended that, aging poultry farmers should be given special assistance to augment their physical deficiency, government and NGOs should encourage poultry production/farming by making credit available to the farmers. Government should organize special training schools for the farmers to gain more knowledge in making sound and feasible decisions. The extension agents should explain to the farmers the benefits of membership of cooperatives.</p> 2022-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Animal Production Research